Iraqi Handmade Carpets

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A nation’s civilization and authenticity are measured by its folklore and heritage, for it is the most genuine and deepest evidence of the age and authenticity of this civilization. The carpet industry in Iraq is one of this evidence dating back to thousands of years, and Iraq has been known for ages with its uniqueness in the industry. Museums, Iraqi homes and antique shops still boast with pieces of carpets that are not harmed by dust from the years and remain bright with their yarns while telling generations the tales of Thousand and One Nights…

Handmade carpets… Unrepeatable skills

Iraqi Handmade Carpets

Handmade carpets making requires precision, concentration, patience, clarity of mind, and speed. Carpets are weaved on the ‘loom’. The loom is an iron structure where the wool or silk yarns used are hung on. A hook is also used in the weaving process, and it is the tool that picks up the yarns to create the knots. These knots are then pounded by a wooden bat until they reach the best level of consistency, and also to tighten the fabric layers, as each layer represents a part of the overall design of the carpet.

Types of Iraqi handmade carpets

Iraq had long been famous for its various and well-known types of handmade carpets, characterized by their solid color, the thickness of knots, and the quality of yarns it is made of which protects from static electricity that attracts dust. Hence, handmade carpets are easy to clean and wash while maintaining its high quality. Among the most significant types of Iraqi handmade carpets are the Rukm, Shaf, Aizar, Majja, Tabshi and Turk. These types vary according to the kind of “loom” used, quality of yarn and the number of knots in each piece. 7719 It is a rare industry, transmitted between generations for thousands of years, and is an important part of Iraq’s cultural heritage and folklore.